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CONTROL QUESTIONS 1. Pneumonia. Classification. Diagnostic criteria. 2. Complications of pneumonia. 3. Treatment of pneumonia and its complications in children. Indications ...

LESSON 1

ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISEASES IN CHILDREN

CONTROL QUESTIONS

1. Pneumonia. Classification. Diagnostic criteria .

2. Complications of pneumonia .

3. Treatment of pneumonia and its complications in children. Indications for

hospitalization .

4. Differential diagnosis of the upper and lower airway obstructions .

5. Croup. Causes. Clinical presentation. Treatment .

6. Epiglottitis. Causes. Symptoms. Treatment .

7. Lower airway obstruction and wheezing syndrome (bronchiolitis, acute asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease etc.). Clinical presentation. Treatment .

8. Foreign body aspiration. Diagnostics. Emergency help .

REPORTS

1. Acute respiratory distress syndrome .

2. Antibiotics in pediatric practice .

3. Respiratory insufficiency .

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE



Main sources

1. Nelson textbook of pediatrics / A. Nelson [et al.]; ed. by Robert M. Kliegman. th ed. Philadelphia, 2007. 3147 p .

2. Pediatrics: manual for the students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / T.I .

Rovbuts, N.M. Tsikhan, N.A. Maximovich. Grodno: GrSMU, 2013. 348 p .

3. Pediatrics: course of lectures: Manual for the Medical Faculty of Foreign Students with English medium of instruction [CD-ROM] / .. [ .] - : , 2015 .



4. Pediatrics: Manual for students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / N.S .

Paramonova, V.A. Zhemoytiak, P.R. Gorbachevsky. Grodno: GrSMU, 2010 .

264 p .

Additional sources

1. : / . .. 6- .: . .: , 2007 .

2. : 1-79 01 01 / .. [ .]; . . .. : , 2011. . 400 .

3. Ghai Essential Pediatrics / O. P. Ghai [et al.]; ed. by Dr O. P. Ghai 6th Edition Revised & Reprinted. Delhi, 2005. P. 719 .

LESSON 2

HEART FAILURE IN CHILDREN. HEART RHYTHM DISORDERS

CONTROL QUESTIONS

1. Acute and chronic congestive heart failure. Definition. Pathophysiology .

2. Causes of over circulation heart failure and pump heart failure in infants and children .

3. Right-sided and left-sided congestive heart failure. Systolic and diastolic ventricular dysfunctions. Clinical manifestations .

4. NYHA and Ross classifcations for pediatric heart failure .

5. Investigations in heart failure: chest radiography, electrocardiography, echocardiography, MRI, endomyocardial biopsy, cardiac catheterization .

6. Laboratory biomarkers of heart failure .

7. Therapeutic approach in pediatric heart failure .

8. Tachyarrhythmias in infants and children. Acute management of sinus, supraventricular and ventricular tachycardias .

9. Follow-up after the arrhythmic event. Long term (chronic) management of tachyarrhythmias .

10. Bradycardia in infants and children. Emergency help and long term management .

   

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE



Main sources

1. Nelson textbook of pediatrics / A. Nelson [et al.]; ed. by Robert M. Kliegman. th ed. Philadelphia, 2007. 3147 p .

2. Pediatrics: manual for the students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / T.I .

Rovbuts, N.M. Tsikhan, N.A. Maximovich. Grodno: GrSMU, 2013. 348 p .

3. Pediatrics: course of lectures: Manual for the Medical Faculty of Foreign Students with English medium of instruction [CD-ROM] / .. [ .] - : , 2015 .

4. Pediatrics: Manual for students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / N.S .

Paramonova, V.A. Zhemoytiak, P.R. Gorbachevsky. Grodno: GrSMU, 2010 .

Additional sources

1. : / . .. 6- .: . .: , 2007 .

2. : 1-79 01 01 / .. [ .]; . . .. : , 2011. . 400 .

3. Ghai Essential Pediatrics / O. P. Ghai [et al.]; ed. by Dr O. P. Ghai 6th Edition Revised & Reprinted. Delhi, 2005. P. 719 .

LESSON 3

CONVULSIONS AND SEIZURES IN CHILDREN. FEVER IN CHILDREN

CONTROL QUESTIONS

1. Convulsions and seizures in children. Definitions. Causes. Differential diagnoses .

2. Acute management of seizures. Post seizure care .

3. Convulsive status epilepticus. Defintion. Treatment .

4. Fever. Defintion .

5. Causes of fever. Differential diagnoses .

6. Symptoms of fever in infants and children .

7. Management of pediatric patients with fever .

REPORTS1. Subfebrile fever in children.2. Medication used in seizures .

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE



Main sources

1. Nelson textbook of pediatrics / A. Nelson [et al.]; ed. by Robert M. Kliegman. th ed. Philadelphia, 2007. 3147 p .

2. Pediatrics: manual for the students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / T.I .

Rovbuts, N.M. Tsikhan, N.A. Maximovich. Grodno: GrSMU, 2013. 348 p .

3. Pediatrics: course of lectures: Manual for the Medical Faculty of Foreign Students with English medium of instruction [CD-ROM] / .. [ .] - : , 2015 .

4. Pediatrics: Manual for students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / N.S .

Paramonova, V.A. Zhemoytiak, P.R. Gorbachevsky. Grodno: GrSMU, 2010 .

264 p .

Additional soures

1. : / . .. 6- .: . .: , 2007 .

2. : 1-79 01 01 / .. [ .]; . . .. : , 2011. . 400 .

3. Ghai Essential Pediatrics / O. P. Ghai [et al.]; ed. by Dr O. P. Ghai 6th Edition Revised & Reprinted. Delhi, 2005. P. 719 .





LESSON 4

ACUTE RENAL INJURY AND CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

CONTROL QUESTIONS

1. Acute kidney injury / acute renal failure in children. Definition. Types. Causes .

2. Acute kidney injury in children. Classifications (p-RIFLE, AKIN, KDIGO) .

3. Acute kidney injury in children. Clinical features. Laboratory biomarkers .

4. Management of acute kidney injury in children. Prognosis .

5. Chronic kidney disease in children. Definition. Etiology. Classification .

6. Chronic kidney disease in children. Clinical features of CKD. Diagnosis .

7. Chronic kidney disease in children. Treatment .

REPORTS1. Hemolytic uremic syndrome.2. Renal replacement therapy .

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE



Main sources

1. Nelson textbook of pediatrics / A. Nelson [et al.]; ed. by Robert M. Kliegman. th ed. Philadelphia, 2007. 3147 p .

2. Pediatrics: manual for the students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / T.I .

Rovbuts, N.M. Tsikhan, N.A. Maximovich. Grodno: GrSMU, 2013. 348 p .

3. Pediatrics: course of lectures: Manual for the Medical Faculty of Foreign Students with English medium of instruction [CD-ROM] / .. [ .] - : , 2015 .

4. Pediatrics: Manual for students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / N.S .

Paramonova, V.A. Zhemoytiak, P.R. Gorbachevsky. Grodno: GrSMU, 2010 .

264 p .

Additional soures

1. : / . .. 6- .: . .: , 2007 .

2. : 1-79 01 01 / .. [ .]; . . .. : , 2011. . 400 .

3. Ghai Essential Pediatrics / O. P. Ghai [et al.]; ed. by Dr O. P. Ghai 6th Edition Revised & Reprinted. Delhi, 2005. P. 719 .

LESSON 5

NEPHROTIC SYNDROME IN CHILDREN

CONTROL QUESTIONS

1. Proteinuria. Definition. Types .

2. Nephrotic syndrome. Definition. Pathogenesis .

3. Nephrotic syndrome. Classification. Morphological variants .

4. Minimal change nephrotic syndrome in children .

5. Nephrotic syndrome with different morphological changes. Differential diagnoses .

6. Complications of nephrotic syndrome .

7. Treatment and outcome of nephrotic syndrome .

REPORTS1. IgA-nephropathy.2. Congenital nephrotic syndrome .

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE



Main sources

1. Nelson textbook of pediatrics / A. Nelson [et al.]; ed. by Robert M. Kliegman. th ed. Philadelphia, 2007. 3147 p .

2. Pediatrics: manual for the students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / T.I .

Rovbuts, N.M. Tsikhan, N.A. Maximovich. Grodno: GrSMU, 2013. 348 p .

3. Pediatrics: course of lectures: Manual for the Medical Faculty of Foreign Students with English medium of instruction [CD-ROM] / .. [ .] - : , 2015 .

4. Pediatrics: Manual for students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / N.S .

Paramonova, V.A. Zhemoytiak, P.R. Gorbachevsky. Grodno: GrSMU, 2010 .

264 p .

Additional soures

1. : / . .. 6- .: . .: , 2007 .

2. : 1-79 01 01 / .. [ .]; . . .. : , 2011. . 400 .

3. Ghai Essential Pediatrics / O. P. Ghai [et al.]; ed. by Dr O. P. Ghai 6th Edition Revised & Reprinted. Delhi, 2005. P. 719 .

LESSON 6

HEMORRHAGIC SYNDROME. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CONTROL QUESTIONS

1. Primary and secondary hemostasis. Steps (mechanisms) .

2. Laboratory evaluation of hemostasis .

3. Types of hemorrhagic rash .

4. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Etiopathogenesis. Clinical presentation .

5. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Diagnosis Treatment .

6. Henoch-Schnlein purpura. Etiopathogenesis. Clinical presentation .

7. Henoch-Schnlein purpura. Diagnosis. Treatment .

8. Hemophilia in children. Etiology. Clinical presentation. Treatment .

9. Differential diagnosis of hemorrhagic diseases with acute leukemia in children .

REPORTS1. Von Willebrand disease.2. Disseminated intravascular coagulation .

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE



Main sources

1. Nelson textbook of pediatrics / A. Nelson [et al.]; ed. by Robert M. Kliegman. th ed. Philadelphia, 2007. 3147 p .

2. Pediatrics: manual for the students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / T.I .

Rovbuts, N.M. Tsikhan, N.A. Maximovich. Grodno: GrSMU, 2013. 348 p .

3. Pediatrics: course of lectures: Manual for the Medical Faculty of Foreign Students with English medium of instruction [CD-ROM] / .. [ .] - : , 2015 .

4. Pediatrics: Manual for students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / N.S .

Paramonova, V.A. Zhemoytiak, P.R. Gorbachevsky. Grodno: GrSMU, 2010 .

264 p .

Additional soures

1. : / . .. 6- .: . .: , 2007 .

2. : 1-79 01 01 / .. [ .]; . . .. : , 2011. . 400 .

3. Ghai Essential Pediatrics / O. P. Ghai [et al.]; ed. by Dr O. P. Ghai 6th Edition Revised & Reprinted. Delhi, 2005. P. 719 .

LESSON 7

LEUKEMIA IN CHILDREN

CONTROL QUESTIONS

1. Leukemia. Definition. Risk factors .

2. Leukemia. Classification .

3. Leukemia. Clinical manifestations .

4. Tests to look for leukemia in children .

5. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia .

6. Chronic myelogenous leukemia .

7. Treatment strategy for leukemia. Prognosis .

   

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE



Main sources

1. Nelson textbook of pediatrics / A. Nelson [et al.]; ed. by Robert M. Kliegman. th ed. Philadelphia, 2007. 3147 p .

2. Pediatrics: manual for the students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / T.I .

Rovbuts, N.M. Tsikhan, N.A. Maximovich. Grodno: GrSMU, 2013. 348 p .

3. Pediatrics: course of lectures: Manual for the Medical Faculty of Foreign Students with English medium of instruction [CD-ROM] / .. [ .] - : , 2015 .

4. Pediatrics: Manual for students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / N.S .

Paramonova, V.A. Zhemoytiak, P.R. Gorbachevsky. Grodno: GrSMU, 2010 .

264 p .

Additional soures

1. : / . .. 6- .: . .: , 2007 .

2. : 1-79 01 01 / .. [ .]; . . .. : , 2011. . 400 .

3. Ghai Essential Pediatrics / O. P. Ghai [et al.]; ed. by Dr O. P. Ghai 6th Edition Revised & Reprinted. Delhi, 2005. P. 719 .

LESSON 8

ABDOMINAL PAIN SYNDROME. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CONTROL QUESTIONS

1. Pathophysiological mechanisms of pain. Somatogenic pain and psychogenic pain .

2. Abdominal pain syndrome. Organic and functional, acute and chronic pain .

3. Abdominal pain syndrome in children. Causes. Differential diagnosis .

4. Indications for surgical consultation .

5. Management of abdominal pain in children .

REPORTS1. Inflammatory bowel disease in children.2. Acute abdomen. Signs and symptoms .

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE



Main sources

1. Nelson textbook of pediatrics / A. Nelson [et al.]; ed. by Robert M. Kliegman. th ed. Philadelphia, 2007. 3147 p .

2. Pediatrics: manual for the students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / T.I .

Rovbuts, N.M. Tsikhan, N.A. Maximovich. Grodno: GrSMU, 2013. 348 p .

3. Pediatrics: course of lectures: Manual for the Medical Faculty of Foreign Students with English medium of instruction [CD-ROM] / .. [ .] - : , 2015 .

4. Pediatrics: Manual for students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / N.S .

Paramonova, V.A. Zhemoytiak, P.R. Gorbachevsky. Grodno: GrSMU, 2010 .

264 p .

Additional soures

1. : / . .. 6- .: . .: , 2007 .

2. : 1-79 01 01 / .. [ .]; . . .. : , 2011. . 400 .

3. Ghai Essential Pediatrics / O. P. Ghai [et al.]; ed. by Dr O. P. Ghai 6th Edition Revised & Reprinted. Delhi, 2005. P. 719 .

LESSON 9

HELMINTHIASIS. PRACTICAL SKILLS

CONTROL QUESTIONS

1. Helminthiasis. Classification .

2. Clinical manifestations of helminthiasis. General principles of diagnosis .

3. Toxocariasis .

4. Ascariasis .

5. Anthelmintic drugs .

6. Practical skills training .

   

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE



Main sources

1. Nelson textbook of pediatrics / A. Nelson [et al.]; ed. by Robert M. Kliegman. th ed. Philadelphia, 2007. 3147 p .

2. Pediatrics: manual for the students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / T.I .

Rovbuts, N.M. Tsikhan, N.A. Maximovich. Grodno: GrSMU, 2013. 348 p .

3. Pediatrics: course of lectures: Manual for the Medical Faculty of Foreign Students with English medium of instruction [CD-ROM] / .. [ .] - : , 2015 .

4. Pediatrics: Manual for students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / N.S .

Paramonova, V.A. Zhemoytiak, P.R. Gorbachevsky. Grodno: GrSMU, 2010 .

264 p .

Additional soures

1. : / . .. 6- .: . .: , 2007 .

2. : 1-79 01 01 / .. [ .]; . . .. : , 2011. . 400 .

3. Ghai Essential Pediatrics / O. P. Ghai [et al.]; ed. by Dr O. P. Ghai 6th Edition Revised & Reprinted. Delhi, 2005. P. 719 .

LESSON 10

PEDIATRIC COMA. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS. ACUTE AND

CHRONIC ADRENAL INSUFFICIENCY IN CHILDREN

CONTROL QUESTIONS

1. Coma. Definition .

2. Stages of coma. Glasgow coma scale .

3. Pediatric coma. Causes of coma in children. Evaluation of the comatose child .

4. Management of a child with coma. Prognosis .

5. Acute adrenal insufficiency. Causes. Clinical picture. Diagnosis .

6. Chronic adrenal insufficiency. Causes. Clinical picture. Diagnosis .

7. Treatment of adrenal insufficiency .

REPORTS1. Clinical and biological death .

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE



Main sources

1. Nelson textbook of pediatrics / A. Nelson [et al.]; ed. by Robert M. Kliegman. th ed. Philadelphia, 2007. 3147 p .

2. Pediatrics: manual for the students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / T.I .

Rovbuts, N.M. Tsikhan, N.A. Maximovich. Grodno: GrSMU, 2013. 348 p .

3. Pediatrics: course of lectures: Manual for the Medical Faculty of Foreign Students with English medium of instruction [CD-ROM] / .. [ .] - : , 2015 .

4. Pediatrics: Manual for students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / N.S .

Paramonova, V.A. Zhemoytiak, P.R. Gorbachevsky. Grodno: GrSMU, 2010 .

264 p .

Additional soures

1. : / . .. 6- .: . .: , 2007 .

2. : 1-79 01 01 / .. [ .]; . . .. : , 2011. . 400 .

3. Ghai Essential Pediatrics / O. P. Ghai [et al.]; ed. by Dr O. P. Ghai 6th Edition Revised & Reprinted. Delhi, 2005. P. 719 .

LESSON 11

PEDIATRIC SEPSIS AND SEPTIC SHOCK

CONTROL QUESTIONS

1. Systemic inflammatory response syndrome and sepsis. Updated key definitions and concepts according to Sepsis-3 .

2. Etiology and risk factors for pediatric sepsis .

3. Clinical features. Physical examination .

4. Criteria for organ dysfunction .

5. Laboratory tests for diagnosis of sepsis .

6. Indications for specific radiological evaluation .

7. Septic shock. Definition. Criteria for diagnosis .

8. Treatment of sepsis and septic shock .

REPORTS

1. Four categories of shock and their respective causes .

2. First line and reserve antibiotics in pediatric practice .

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE



Main sources

1. Nelson textbook of pediatrics / A. Nelson [et al.]; ed. by Robert M. Kliegman. th ed. Philadelphia, 2007. 3147 p .

2. Pediatrics: manual for the students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / T.I .

Rovbuts, N.M. Tsikhan, N.A. Maximovich. Grodno: GrSMU, 2013. 348 p .

3. Pediatrics: course of lectures: Manual for the Medical Faculty of Foreign Students with English medium of instruction [CD-ROM] / .. [ .] - : , 2015 .

4. Pediatrics: Manual for students of the Faculty of Foreign Students / N.S .

Paramonova, V.A. Zhemoytiak, P.R. Gorbachevsky. Grodno: GrSMU, 2010 .

264 p .

Additional soures

1. : / . .. 6- .: . .: , 2007 .

2. : 1-79 01 01 / .. [ .]; . . .. : , 2011. . 400 .

3. Ghai Essential Pediatrics / O. P. Ghai [et al.]; ed. by Dr O. P. Ghai 6th Edition Revised & Reprinted. Delhi, 2005. P. 719 .

PRACTICAL SKILLS IN PAEDIATRICS

LIST OF PRACTICAL SKILLS

1. Umbilical cord clamping .

2. Newborn medical care after delivery (tests, care, medications) .

3. Bathing and swaddling of a newborn .

4. Drug instillation in the eyes, nose and ears .

5. Oral and dental hygiene .

6. Pulse palpation .

7. Auscultation of the heart, lungs and bowel .

8. The face mask (bag-valve mask) mechanical ventilation .

9. Nasogastric tube insertion .

10. Feeding through nasogastric tube and gastric lavage .

11. Enema procedures .

12. Intravenous injections .

13. Catheterization of the urethra/urinary bladder .

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE

Main sources

1. : -. / .. [ .]; . . .. . : , 2014 112 .

Additional soures

1. , .. : /.., .., ... .: , 2005. - 848 .






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